Where is Saransk?
On the map
Saransk is a small town. Meanwhile, its history is quite interesting: it was founded in the middle of the 17th century and was a fortress on the south-eastern outskirts of the Russian kingdom. In this article we will talk about Saransk in more detail, and also tell you where Saransk is.
Saransk: location and features of the city
Saransk - The capital of the Republic of Mordovia, located in its eastern part (east of Central Russia). The basin of the Insar River, near which the city is located, is mostly surrounded by forest-steppes. The city itself is located five hundred kilometers from Moscow. The nearest regional center is Penza. The city is very small in terms of area, only seventy-one square kilometer.
Initially, Saransk was a fortress. It was quite a seriously fortified territory. It was built from 1638 to 1653. The fortress was inhabited by gunners, Cossacks, and later Russians and Tatars became its inhabitants.At that time, Saransk served exclusively as a fortification and fortified line of defense.
Today Saransk is a fairly developed industrial center. Here there is mechanical engineering, metalworking, instrument-making is developed. Various plants, including the Saransk car-repair plant, function, the chemical industry and the machine-tool industry are developed.
Also in the city there are scientific and educational institutions, including Mordovia State University named after N.P. Ogareva is the largest center of higher education, science and culture of Mordovia, TechnoPark, which is focused on the development of high technologies, the Institute of Physics and Chemistry, and many other centers of science.
There are many cultural institutions in Saransk. For example, museums, cinemas, theaters. Among the latter are the State Russian Drama Theater of the Republic of Mordovia. There is a Republican Palace of Culture.