What plants grow in the steppe?
- Mountainous, steppe with lush alpine vegetation and high-altitude, characterized by sparse and unattractive vegetation, mainly consisting of grains and a proglacier.
- Meadow. Steppes, characterized by the presence of small forest tracts, forming glades and edges.
- The real ones. Steppes with growing on them in a large predominance feather grass and fescue. These are the most typical plants of the steppe.
- Sazovye - steppes, consisting of plants that adapt to the arid climate, shrubs.
- Desert steppes on which desert grass grows roll-field, wormwood, prutnyak
- Also it is necessary to say a few words about the forest-steppe,for which the alternation of deciduous forests and coniferous forests with steppe areas is characteristic, since steppe and forest-steppe plants differ only in subspecies.
The steppe has its embodiment on any continent,except for Antarctica, and on different continents it has its name: in North America - it's prairies, in South America - pampas (pampas), in South America, Africa and Australia - it's savannah. In New Zealand, the steppe is called Tussoks.
Let us consider in more detail which plants grow in the steppe.
Types of plants in the steppe
- Krupka. This is an annual plant of the Cruciferae family, which grows on high water and in the tundra. There are about 100 varieties of grains characteristic of our steppes. It is characterized by a branchy stem with oblong leaves, crowned with tassels of yellow flowers. Flowering period April - July. In folk herbal medicine grits are used as a hemostatic, expectorant and diuretic.
- Prolumnik. It is also an annual plant, about 25 cm long and oblong leaves, a lot of flower arrows, each of which ends in an inflorescence consisting of tiny white flowers. Prolomnik is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic and hemostatic, and also as an anticonvulsant for epilepsy
- Poppy. Depending on the species, it is an annual or perennial grass with flower buds on long peduncles. It grows on stony slopes, near mountain streams and streams, in fields, along roads. And although poppies are poisonous, they are widely used in phytotherapy as a sedative and hypnotic for insomnia, as well as for certain diseases of the intestine and bladder.
- Tulips are perennial herbaceous plants of the steppe family of the lily with large and bright flowers. Mostly they grow in semi-desert, desert and highlands.
- Astragalus. This plant has more than 950 kinds of various colors and shades, growing in desert and dry steppes, in the forest zone and in alpine meadows. It is widely used in edema, edema, gastroenteritis, spleen diseases, as a tonic, as well as with headache and hypertension
- Feather grass. It is also diverse in its kinds of grass. They number more than 60, and the most common of them - feather grass feathery. This is a perennial plant of the cereal family. The feather grass grows up to 1 meter high with smooth stems and spinous leaves. Feather grass is used as a decoction on milk with goiter and paralysis.
- Mullein. This is a large (up to 2 m) plant with hairy leaves and large yellow flowers. The research of the plant showed the presence in its flowers of many useful substances, such as flavonoids, saponins, coumarin, gum, essential oil, glycoside aubcine, ascorbic acid and carotene content. Therefore, the plant is actively used as a food supplement in salads and hot dishes, preparing drinks, and also eating fresh.
- Melissa officinalis. This is a long-standing tall grass with a pronounced lemon scent. The stems of the plant are crowned with bluish-purple flowers, which are collected in false rings. In the leaves of lemon balm contains essential oil, ascorbic acid, some organic acids.
- Camel's thorn is a half-shrub, up to 1 meterin height, with a powerful root system, bare stalks with long spines and red (pink) flowers. Distributed camel thorn in the riverine space, grows along irrigation canals and canals, on vacant lots and irrigated lands. The plant contains many vitamins, some organic acids, rubber, resins, tannins, essential oil, as well as carotene and wax. Decoction of the plant is used for colitis, gastritis and stomach ulcer.
- Sagebrush. This herbaceous or semi-shrubby plant is found almost everywhere. The whole plant has a straight stem with thin pinnately-divided leaves and yellowish flowers collected in the inflorescence. Wormwood is used as a spicy plant, and essential oil is used in perfumery and cosmetics. Also wormwood is important as a fodder plant for livestock.
- So, we have considered only some types of plantssteppe. And, of course, the differences in the landscape leave their imprint on the appearance of the herbs growing on it, but nevertheless, one can identify some common properties.