The names of machines. Automatic firearms domestic and foreign
Automatic weapons are represented by gunshotsolutions, where the operations for refilling the cartridges are made thanks to the energy of the exhaust gases that are released during the shot. In this material we will select the most popular names for automata, we will reveal their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Kalashnikov assault rifle - AK-74
Automatic weapons caliber 5.5 mm, developmentand the improvement of which was carried out in the 70s of the last century. The model was supplied to the armaments of the domestic army units in 1974. The creation of weapons is directly related to the need to switch to fire with low-pulse bullets.
The AK-74 Kalashnikov assault rifle differs from the basicmodel of the possibility of using ammunition of small caliber, the presence of a massive muzzle compensator. All this allowed to increase the accuracy of weapons and accuracy of fire. Despite the high efficiency of the model with rapid fire control, the sample is characterized by a relatively low penetrating ability, which is not surprising in view of the use of small-caliber cartridges.
In the late 90's the machine was modified. Thus, automatic weapons began to be produced under a new name - AK-74M. This sample retained the functionality of previous versions and acquired a relatively compact size.
Fedorov's self-loading rifle
The development of automatic weapons was conducted by the eminentdesigner, since 1906. A rifle was designed for a trilinear standard cartridge with a caliber of 7.6 mm. Initially, the Fedorov machine-gun was completed with stores with a capacity of 5 units.
The status of the machine was fixed for self-loadingrifle in the 1920s. At this time, shooting tests were carried out on a new sample. Serial production started already in the post-revolutionary period at the Degtyarev plant. In 1924, the total circulation of the rifles produced by the base model was about 3200 copies.
In the following, the Fyodorov machine repeatedlywas modernized. Specially for the complete set of the model, new sighting devices were developed, more capacious shops and reliable impact elements were produced.
In the thirties, Fedorov, in collaboration withDegtyarev developed on the basis of the basic model a whole series of improved samples of small arms. In particular, built-in air, hand and tank machine guns were represented to the highest army command. Obtained samples according to many parameters anticipated the concept of creating small arms not only the army of the USSR, but also Western states as of the 40s of the last century.
Shpagin's submachine gun
The sample was developed in 1941. Almost immediately the model was adopted by the Red Army infantry units.
Submachine gun machine Shpagin madea truly innovative development for its time, because it had a capacious drum, which housed 71 cartridges, and also allowed to fire with standard cartridges of caliber of 7.6 mm. The rate of fire was about 900 rounds per minute, and the striking ability was 200 meters.
Automatic PPSH was inexpensive and simplein circulation, a weapon that is effective enough for wartime. The sample was produced in large batches. During the Second World War, more than 5 million copies were produced. In the 1950s, the submachine gun was removed from service. However, the model continued to be supplied to countries loyal to the Soviet regime, up to the 80's.
Occurrence of some samples of automaticrifles gave a significant impetus to the development of weapons business. Considering the names of machines that made a real revolution in this area, it is impossible not to mention the German STG 44 assault model.
The development was really ahead of its time. In the design for the first time in history, a grenade launcher was successfully implemented, and other additional attachments.
If we consider the names of automata eliteclass, developed in the last century, STG 44 occupies one of the most honorable places in this list. In wartime, under the automatic rifle, the sight of night vision was released. The latter contained an infrared sensor and a rechargeable battery. Although the range of the device was not more than 100 meters, it was actively used in the last years of the war.
Considering the names of machines that influencedon the history of the development of weapons, it is worth noting the American assault rifle M16. At one time, the model was one of the most popular and common examples of small arms throughout the world.
As of the 60th of the last century, when the release of the rifle was put on the conveyor belt, only the Kalashnikov assault rifle could compete with its characteristics at a worthy level.
For the first time, the M16 automatic was used by specialunits of the British army during the Malaysian-Indonesian conflict of 1962-1966. However, the world became famous during the Vietnam War.
One of the main competitors of the Russian AK,In addition to the M16 rifle, the Belgian FN FAL development is considered. It was this machine that was contrasted as a worthy alternative to the above examples in the numerous armed conflicts of the end of the last century.
The main advantage of FN FAL stands forThe possibility of using the cartridge 7.62x51 mm, which acts as a powerful ammunition with impressive energy. However, the relatively small weight of weapons does not allow to produce really effective shooting of such a cartridge, even when the sample is equipped with a heavy barrel.
Despite some disadvantages, FN FAL is stillremains a reliable, easy-to-use weapon. The rifle has a high accuracy and accuracy in the course of firing by single series. Especially effective machine manifests itself when firing at long distances. Thanks to the integration of modern optics, today the model continues to perform the functions of the SVD for numerous army formations of NATO countries.