Pseudotrophae of zebra: features of the species and its reproduction. How to care for fish in the aquarium?
A big beautiful aquarium is a dream for many. Observation of the peaceful life of colorful fish behind the glass of the aquarium brings peace and tranquility. Taking a great interest in this idea, beginners of fish select the inhabitants of their home aquarium, guided only by their aesthetic preferences. And then comes disappointment: fish do not get along or do not feel well at all. The thing is that before deciding to divide your house with a water mini-kingdom, you should carefully study the features and learn how to care for the fish of each liked species.
Zebra, but not black and white
How to start choosing aquarium fish? Determine your priorities: what kind of fish would you like to see every day. Not too small, but small, bright colors, quite active and moderately aggressive? Then you should pay attention to the aquarium zebra.
An amazing kind of fish calledA pseudotrofeus zebra can decorate any home aquarium. With black and white namesake, this species was compared because of the presence of characteristic transverse black bands. In nature, there are fish of this species of different colors, but for aquariums most often choose a blue or red zebra.
Fish species pseudotrophaeus zebra belong tothe family of cichlids. The natural environment of their habitat is Africa, or rather Lake Malawi. In their natural environment, these fish prefer to choose stony places rich in algae.
Aquarium zebra is great for datingsmall children with the world of fish: its appearance fully corresponds to the representation and drawings of the kids. This fish has an elongated trunk, a large head and eyes, full lips. The size of a zebra may vary depending on sex and color, but rarely exceeds 15 cm in length.
The color of this species of fish is extremely interesting andcardinally different by sex and age. Blue male zebra pseudotrofeus has a color from bright blue to rich blue. Also, the adult male can be distinguished by the presence of a characteristic fat pad on the forehead. The age of the male of this species can also be judged by the color. The bright blue color of the male zebra pales with age and becomes less saturated. A female of the same species stands out as a pale yellow color, it may have specks on the fins of a dark brown color.
Pseudotrophaeus of zebra red can be colored inshades of red: from rich scarlet to variations of red-orange. In this species of fry, male and female fry from their very birth differ in color. Males appear in the light dark red, almost brown, and females - pale pink.
In what conditions is the aquarium zebra comfortable?
In order to make the zebras feel great andpleased the eyes of their owner, studying information on how to care for fish of this species, special attention should be given to the conditions of their maintenance. Zebras are not too whimsical in nursing, but there are several requirements for an aquarium, the fulfillment of which is compulsory.
First of all, dimensions: an aquarium with zebras should be not less than 60 liters for one fish and not less than 150 liters if you plan to place a group. In the event that you want to populate your aquarium not only with representatives of the pseudotrofeus zebra species, you should take care that the aquarium size is 200 liters and more.
Fish of this species are very sensitive to the composition andpurity of water. Therefore, it is worth taking care of good water filtration in the aquarium and its daily replacement. In order for the fish to feel comfortable, it is necessary to replace every day at least a third of the aquarium water.
In nature, zebras choose stony placeshabitat because of the love of digging into the ground. This is worth remembering, settling them at home. Take care that there are enough stones and algae with strong roots in the aquarium. The presence of such scenery not only creates comfortable conditions for fish, but also will reduce their rather high natural aggression. Adding coral and sand to your aquarium will allow maintaining pH at the proper level: for a zebra this value should be in the range of 7,2-8,5.
In addition to timely cleaning and flow of water, its temperature is no less important. For fish of this species, the temperature regime is comfortable 24-28 degrees.
Useful and tasty: what to feed the zebra?
Nutrition is another extremely important aspect fora successful fish containing pseudotrophaeus zebra in a home aquarium. They can not be called too fastidious in food, but their proper nutrition has its own characteristics. For the healthy functioning of the digestive system, fish should receive daily food products of vegetable origin: vegetables or similar products. To maintain a bright coloration will help add to the nutrition of vitaminized top dressing: it can be a specialized food for fish species of cichlids or spirulina.
Allowed to feed fishes with animal feedorigin, for example shrimp. The feeding regime should be adjusted according to the "often, but slightly" principle. Surprisingly, fish can also be prone to fatness, so do not feed them too much.
Pleasant neighborhood: with whom else can you put a zebra in an aquarium?
This beautiful fish is not very friendly character. If you want different colorful fish to get along in your aquarium, then observe a few simple rules for the liveliness of zebras.
First of all, the group must contain onemale and several females, optimally two or three. This will reduce the inherent level of zebra aggression. If you plan to populate the aquarium with fish of different species, then for neighborhood with zebras it is necessary to select African fish. The less aggressive inhabitants of the African lake of Malawi are best suited. Fish should be of different sizes and different in color, otherwise zebras will "divide the territory" and constantly feud.
Striped family: features of breeding of a zebra
If you plan to increase the number of youraquarium zebras, it is worthwhile in advance to prepare them the proper conditions for this. Readiness for reproduction of a fish of this species is shown at the age of 8-12 months. They begin to show interest in individuals of the opposite sex and actively take care of them.
It happens that you are looking forward tooffspring from their bright aquarium inhabitants, but this does not happen. Perhaps, it is worthwhile to evacuate an aggressive neighbor on the aquarium: the matter is that the zebra need a calm atmosphere for spawning. Also, accelerate the process of genus continuation in sexually mature individuals can help strengthen nutrition: try to feed your fish a little more often than usual.
The female swallows eggs and hides in her mouth. The number of them varies between 20-35 pieces. With the right temperature regime and comfortable conditions of maintenance, the fry will appear in the aquarium in 2-3 weeks.
Pseudotrophaeus zebra - amazing in itsbeauty aquarium fish, which can contain both an aquarist with experience, and an amateur. Having learned the simple features of caring for this kind of fish, you can always enjoy watching the bright and moving inhabitants of the water kingdom.