Proper inoculation of trees. Ways and Advice
To bring the plant quality and goodharvest, gardeners it is planted. This allows agronomists not only to improve the crop, its quality, but also to bring out new crops. The grafting of trees is a complex and painstaking process, requiring knowledge, skills and abilities. Let us consider in more detail how the plants are grafted.
What is vaccination in gardening?
If we speak in unscientific language, then the vaccine ismethod of artificial reproduction of plants. For this, a part of the cuttings of one plant is taken, which is subsequently joined by fusion with another culture. The new (spliced) plant after grafting has a graft (grafted part) and a rootstock (the part to which the inoculation is made). As a result, one plant is obtained, the connected parts of which, developing, affect the development and growth of each other.
Also, grafting of trees is used in cases when their branches are damaged, or if the tree ceases to bear fruit.
When can I get vaccinated?
More often vaccination of trees is done in April beforemoment, until the sap flow has begun, and the bark is still tightly wrapped around the trunk. If necessary, in May, a re-vaccination can be done. It is also allowed to inoculate fruit plants in June. The grafting of trees is carried out in several stages. This is the preparation of the cuttings, its storage, the subsequent inoculation and further care.
What are the methods of vaccination?
Gardeners use two main methods of vaccination.It should be noted that the professionalism of the gardener and his knowledge depends on how successfully the inoculation of fruit trees will be carried out. The best ways to know about this are not enough. It is important to be able to apply their rules in practice. Consider some of the most common ways.
Before you start vaccinating, you needprepare a cutting. It is taken only from a healthy plant, which has already yielded a good harvest. Choosing a stalk, you need to pay attention to his age. Only one year old twigs are suitable for inoculation. The best and most common methods are ocularization, copulation.
The essence of budding
Grafting is the inoculation with the help of the kidney.This method is most suitable for such fruit trees as pears, apple-trees, apricots, cherries, plums, cherries. Carry out an eyepiece during the period of sap flow. Work begins approximately 40 days before the scheduled vaccination date. Everything begins with the preparation of the stock. It must be bored and cleaned of weeds. In the dry season, the root system should be filled with water. It requires you to choose a place on the rootstock for budding. It should be smooth and even. On the selected dry area make a T-shaped incision, into which after a very quickly inserted flap with the kidney. Place the graft immediately after the joint should be wrapped with a film. This promotes rapid healing and healing.
Copulation is a reliable way for a beginner gardener
If it is correct to make a dipping on the strength of only a professional, copulking can be done by an amateur horticulturist. The essence of the method is very simple.
Copulation is the inoculation with the help of a handle.It is carried out before the beginning of the sap flow, namely, in the early spring. Particularly fond of gardening methods of vaccination "for the bark." The essence is simple. The bark of the tree is neatly separated, and in this place of the cut a stalk is set on the stock. The joint is also tied with a film.
Copulation is done not only "in the bark," but also "in a split", "in the butt".
Basic rules for grafting trees
To vaccinate trees successfullyadhere to some rules. First, you need to properly prepare the cuttings and learn how to store them. Secondly, for each individual tree, the vaccination term is assigned individually. Thirdly, all slices and cuts are made with a sharp, thin, dry and clean knife. Fourth, vaccination sites should be wrapped around the film as soon as possible after the joint.
Of course, in theory everything seems simple and fast. However, the inoculation of trees is a complex process and requires special knowledge and practical skills.