Metro New York - the longest subway system in the world.
The New York metro is the longestmetro system in the world for today. Its total length is about 1355 kilometers, of which 1056 are used to transport passengers. The New York Metro includes 469 stations, which form twenty-six routes. Every day, about four million people use the services of this metro.
Approximately in 1870 the firstoverground public transport line in the city of New York. Despite this, it has survived to our time. The oldest of the remaining sections of the subway, which was related to the locomotive line, was built in 1863 in the city of New York. Metro also has an active site, which was opened in 1885.
The first underground lines of the New York Metrowere opened in 1904. Their owners were BRTC (Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company) and IRTC (Interborough Rapid Transit Company), which were large private companies. The city authorities made a great contribution to the construction of the subway, renting its lines to various large companies.
In 1932 the authorities of New York were createdindependent company "Independent Subway System", and two years later she acquired two private companies that were engaged in servicing the metro. New York after the purchase of companies closed most of the land lines of the subway. The unification of the metro systems that were separated before it was rather slow. To connect finally all lines of the underground and it was not possible.
To date, the standard metro station includes platforms from one hundred twenty-two to two hundred and thirteen meters long.
To get on the platform, you need to haveA special card called "MetroCard". One hundred and thirty-eight New York metro stations - overpasses, thirty-eight located at ground level, and two hundred seventy seven are underground.
A large number of subway linesare used for both local-type routes and express-type routes. At these lines, three or four routes are operated simultaneously. For local routes, external paths are used, and for express routes - internal paths. Expresses stop only at the most important sites of transplantation.
New York City subway lines in most casesinclude from 8 to 11 wagons of various types. On metro lines with shuttle traffic, trains with one or two cars can work. The average length of trains in the metro is from 46 to 183 meters. There are also compounds that are incompatible with each other.
All New York metro stations are located in fourareas of the city: the Bronx, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens. Through Manhattan pass almost all the routes. An exception is route G, as well as two subway lines with shuttle traffic. The New York Metro operates around the clock, although on weekends or during the night, some lines can close.
As a rolling stock used moresix and a half thousand cars of different types. On some lines, wagons purchased in the middle of the last century are in operation. Serving the cars are two independent parks. One of them is engaged in servicing the so-called "digital lines", and the other is "alphabetic".