How to use gas?
Gas is one of the most widely used minerals. It is used in many areas of human life as a fuel and allows you to perform tasks that were previously unattainable. Natural gas, like coal or oil, is extracted from the bowels of the earth with the help of special equipment. It was formed under the action of high temperature and pressure from the remnants of organic matter of animal origin for thousands of years.
The composition of natural gas is rather heterogeneous, depending on the location of the occurrence and various external factors, it can be included in different quantities: nitrogen, ethane, butane, propane, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, etc.
How to use gas in the modern world?
Basically, gas is used as fuel for cars, thermal power plants, fuel for heating residential and warehouse space, as well as for heating and cooking. It is widely used in the chemical and fuel-energy industries.Because of the affordable price and absolute environmental friendliness (gas is considered the most harmless mineral fuel in nature), it is used for both domestic and industrial needs all over the planet.
How to use natural gas in the chemical industry?
The use of natural gas in the chemical industry made it possible to synthesize substances such as polyethylene, which previously did not exist in nature. In addition, it is used as a raw material for the creation of various organic substances: acids, alcohol, plastics, rubber, etc.
Natural gas itself is odorless and colorless. Because of this feature, it cannot be used in its pure form, since its leakage will be completely invisible. To protect people, substances with an unpleasant odor, such as ethyl mercaptan, are added to the gas.
How is natural gas transported and where?
Natural gas is extracted from wells, after which it is cleaned of various impurities, flavoring is added and fed into the pipeline under a pressure of 75 atmospheres. It is pumped through the gas transmission system to distribution stations, from which it is sent to consumers under much less pressure.
There is also a way to liquefy natural gas, which allows it to be transported using special tankers. Further use of this gas is no different from the previous version. At the port, gas is pumped out and supplied to the gas transmission system.