How does alcohol affect a person?
Reasons for drinking alcohol today are more than enough - from fun to tragic. Sometimes people drink for no reason and do not think about how alcohol affects people, what the consequences may be from alcohol abuse. Let's talk about what processes in the body occur because of alcohol and which organs it is particularly detrimental to.
Artificial euphoria and calm
Most experts agree that alcohol is harmful to health. There is, however, the opinion that in small quantities and in certain cases alcoholic beverages are not only harmless, but even beneficial. To understand, take a look at how alcohol affects the body.
Since ethyl alcohol is a drug, its first obvious effect is drunkenness. This state is the result of two processes. On the one hand, alcohol increases the activity of inhibitory mediators of the nervous system, due to which the cells become less excitable and the person calms down.On the other hand, ethyl alcohol stimulates the production of pleasure hormones that cause euphoria. But for the pleasure, as usual, you have to pay, and sometimes just a disproportionate price.
The effect of alcohol on a person
Alcohol is addictive. Indeed, after the body has felt the power of an artificial stimulant, it is already too lazy for him to produce pleasure hormones and “soothing” substances in previous quantities. Therefore, a person becomes restless, irritable and dissatisfied, and it becomes more difficult for him to relax and enjoy the natural way. So he turns for help to the next dose of vodka.
But that's not all. Alcohol is embedded in the chain of metabolism, and a break in the intake of this drug leads to disruption of the entire process. It is easier for the body to get energy from ethyl alcohol than from food. But here the nutrients contained in food are not in alcohol, and the person suffers greatly from their lack. In addition, alcoholic beverages themselves wash out the necessary vitamins and minerals from the body.
Alcohol is a poison that kills.
Remember why the skin is treated with alcohol before the injection? That's right, to kill the microbes. But alcohol with no less success and destroys the cells of the body.After drinking alcohol, a particularly high concentration of alcohol is observed in the brain and liver, so it is the cells of these organs that suffer the most, although other systems of the body are not easy. For example, in the blood under the influence of this poison, red blood cells stick together in clusters and clog up small vessels and capillaries. As a result, many microchromic lesions occur, and brain cells that remain without power supply die by tens of thousands. In the morning after drinking alcohol, dead cells are excreted in the urine.
How alcohol affects conception
Finally, under the influence of alcoholic cells of the body can mutate. And if the immune system does not detect and destroy such cells in time, such a development of events can lead to very dangerous diseases. But mutations of germ cells can be especially serious, because they can adversely affect the children of those who drink alcohol. In light of this, the way alcohol affects conception is easy to imagine. Therefore, in order to protect the offspring from undesirable developmental and health problems, men should not drink alcohol for at least 2.5-3 months before conceiving - that is how much time the spermatozoa ripen.But for women before birth, it is better not to drink alcohol at all, because they form eggs before birth. And alcohol can damage them long before conception.
There are no harmless doses.
As you can see, almost all the consequences of alcohol intake are deplorable for the body, and only the amount of harm to the body depends on the amount of alcohol consumed. Therefore, the opinion that alcohol in small quantities is harmless or even useful is at least debatable. Is that alcohol can act as a sedative or analgesic in extremely stressful or extreme situations, when there are no other drugs of similar effect at hand. But the argument that, for example, some older people, who often skip a glass or two, feel better than those who do not drink, speaks not in favor of alcohol, but rather because the inherently healthy health of these people still allows them to take alcohol in old age.