Hiking and brief biography of Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman I is the ninth sultan of the Ottoman Empire.In Christian countries he is called Magnificent, and in the Muslim world he is better known by the nickname Kanuni, which means "legislator" or "law." This Turkish word is associated with justice. Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent is well known. He was born in 1494. His father was Sultan Selim I.
Suleiman from the youth took part in various campaignsOttoman army, therefore acquired a serious military experience. He ascended the throne of the empire in 1520. Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent is rich and rich in interesting events. He set out to expand the country's borders and began to prepare for wars. In addition, he carried out many important reforms in the state, which during his reign reached the peak of his power.
Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent aboundsmilitary campaigns. The first war the young ruler declared Hungary. The huge army in 1521 came to the banks of the Danube and took Belgrade. After that, the Mediterranean island of Rhodes was conquered. His siege began in 1522. The troops were landed on the shore, and the fleet blocked a patch of land from the sea. Despite stubborn resistance, the Knights-Ioannites were forced to surrender, having exhausted their food supplies. A lot of this contributed to the diplomatic gift of Suleiman, who agreed to give the vanquished the opportunity to leave the island.
In 1526 the second invasion of the Ottomans began.Hungary. Their army numbered more than 80 thousand people and had about 300 guns. The Hungarians were able to assemble a 30,000-strong army and 80 cannons. King Lajos II commanded them. The prudent ruler of the Ottomans agreed with the Poles about neutrality, so that the Polish troops could not help the Hungarians.Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent says,that he was a talented politician. Near the town of Mohac occurred a general battle. Hungarians and allies, despite their heroic resistance, were defeated, and King Lajos, dashing from the battlefield, drowned in the swamp.
Three years later, the Turkish rulera large-scale war against the Austrian Habsburgs. His army approached Vienna and besieged the city. Garrison stubbornly withstood all attacks and bombardment of heavy guns. Besieged helped that in the city were stored significant food supplies, and also housed large warehouses with ammunition. The general assault ended in failure, and the Turks were forced to withdraw beyond the Danube. The curious biography of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent includes three more wars with the Austrians.The result was the division of Hungary and the imposition of tributeAustrians, as well as a significant increase in Ottoman influence on the policies of European states. In addition, the Sultan conducted active military operations against Persia. In naval battles, his fleet won many victories in the Mediterranean.
Suleiman the Magnificent: biography, family
The Sultan, as is customary in the East, had manyconcubines, but special attention deserves the slave slave Roksolana (Hurrem in the Turkish version). She was Suleiman's favorite, and later he even took her as his wife, which was nonsense for that time. Hurrem had a great influence on the Sultan, and their relationship was marked by vivacity and romanticism so much that they wrote poems to each other. Roksolana gave birth to Suleiman six children, one of whom died in childhood. The sultan had another son, Mustafa, from another concubine, Circassian Medichrevan, who was older than the children of Hurrem and had to inherit the throne, but was later executed by order of Suleiman himself. Many believe that the reason for this was the intrigue of Hurrem, since Mustapha's death was very beneficial to her. As a result, the Turkish throne was inherited by her son Selim.