Final integrated lesson in the senior group at the end of the year
Today we will talk about how to organize the final integrated lesson in the older kindergarten group. What should be emphasized? What knowledge should I check with the child? Let's sort everything out in order.
What is the purpose of the final integrated lesson in the older group? The main tasks will be the consolidation and synthesis of the material covered. Speech development, strengthening of initial mathematical and logical knowledge, testing the performance of hand motor skills, speech development and the awakening of children's desire to solve their tasks independently. Additional goals can set a teacher, depending on the slope of the kindergarten. For example, if this is a group with intensive study of English in a private kindergarten, you can add elements that reinforce knowledge in this area.
How to conduct a final integrated lesson in the older group? The first step is to choose the plot of your occupation. Since this is not a standard private lesson, it will be better to draw up a rough plan of action and setting, themes and characters that will “help” the children. What can the final integrated lesson in the older group offer children? The journey will be an excellent option, in which children will be able to try all their skills that they have been taught for several years. Remember that you may need decorations for such an event. In principle, nothing particularly difficult. During the year, you can gradually make them at drawing / needlework lessons: a couple of trees, grass, a drawing of a river, a house — everything depends on where you are going to “send” the children.
The final integrated lesson in the older group should take place under the direct supervision of the tutor. But this does not mean that you need to do everything yourself. You can invite an animator who will conduct a lesson according to a plan that you agree with him on. The main thing - remember that it should not be a clown! Integrated integrated final classes in the older group are held not so much for the sake of children's entertainment, as in order to check their capabilities. Identify the weaknesses that need to be tightened. In accordance with the chosen framework of the “journey”, heroes that have been known to many since childhood — for example, Dunno, Winnie the Pooh, etc. — will suit you. At the same time, try to guess the hobbies of your wards, but not overdo it. For example, modern children may well be unfamiliar with Cheburashka, but love the cartoon "Cars". Agree, dressing up in the car will look stupid.
Since we have decided that our goal is to identify weaknesses, it means that we must show them to our parents. Of course, it would have been possible to simply tell them the results after the session, but it is much better if the “moms” who consider their child perfect can see everything with their own eyes. Therefore, conduct an open final integrated lesson in the senior group. Pick a convenient time and invite dads and moms to watch the show. By the way, if we take into account that in a group there are usually 20-25 children, then it is possible to agree with their parents and hire a professional animator to conduct the lesson. Believe me, he can handle no worse than a tutor.
Before you begin to create a plan of employment, let's stipulate everything at once. For example, the standards by which the final integrated lesson is to be conducted are GEF. The older group, like any other group in kindergarten, is not counted in federal standards. That is, you can familiarize yourself with the list of knowledge that a child should have for school, but nowhere are the methods of teaching preschoolers indicated. This is where kindergartens appear with training built on the methods of various “eminent” psychologists, whose methods collapse as soon as there is at least one non-standard personality in the group.
So, you have chosen the entourage of your future occupation. Now let's see what exactly needs to be done on it. Your first step will be a warm-up workout. It is unlikely that you forced the kids to do it every day, but during the final lesson they have to move a lot, maybe even run outside, and to avoid injuries, you need a little training.
- Here is an example: you are looking for stolen treasure, for which you will go on a journey. All children put a hand to his forehead. Slightly lean forward and peer into the distance - from right to left, from left to right (stretching the lower back).
- Baba Yaga takes away from the children the key to the chest with a hint - the children jump around her, try to take away (stretch their legs).
- To warm up your hands, you can leave the balls in the basket. As soon as it fills up, the next travel hint opens.
After a wave, you can proceed directly to the lesson. If the weather allows you and the territory of the kindergarten, go outside. Where else to conduct a final integrated lesson about the forest? The older group should be able to distinguish between several tree species, be aware of birds and animals. Even if you do not grow a lot of different trees on the territory of the garden, you can always pre-prepare several images with plants. Remember that children should be able to identify the most famous breed on the leaves on them.
After spending a lot of energy in the open air, the children go back to the classroom. This is a good moment to conduct the final integrated lesson "Origami". The older group should already master the basic paperwork skills. And this is also your task. If a child at the age of 6 cannot assemble the simplest constructor, then this is the omission of his tutors. The same with paper. Many people know a legend about a sick girl who tried to collect a thousand cranes, because it had to save her from an incurable disease. From your charges, no one requires such feats. But you need to be able to assemble an airplane, a steamboat, a windmill, a snowflake, and many more other items that children can do. What else could mean the final integrated lesson "Origami"? The older group should be able to perform simple crafts from scrap materials - clay, cones, chestnuts, leaves. This will allow you to check the work and level of development of children's imagination. Do not set them a framework and borders, let them try to create a hand-made article on any topic they like.
In the course of your “journey” with the pupils, you should check out the knowledge that is basic for any person. GEF recommends that children know how to count to 10 and know the correct order of numbers. However, a score of up to 100 is fully within the capabilities of a modern child, if you are engaged in its development and upbringing, and not leave it to the tablet and computer to take care of. However, it is up to you to set what limits.
In addition to mathematics, it is imperative to check the ability to read and clearly express your thoughts. It's one thing when a child is embarrassed and stutters when reading aloud, the other when doing little with him. It is at this stage that the final integrated speech therapy session is conducted in the senior group. It is not necessary to check the speed of reading or to make the poem to be remembered, but the ability to understand what was read and expressively intonation is necessary.
Children should have a general understanding of the properties of physical objects: which of them are harder, which are softer, be able to compare by eye the size and determine the material from which objects are made. All this is learned by comparing and imposing objects on each other. It is too late to test these skills by collecting “pyramids”, but to be able to determine from a distance which object differs from others in size is easy.
Check out children's drawing skills. What colors are obtained by mixing red and yellow, yellow and blue? Knowing how the properties of objects change when mixed is the most commonplace example. For example, you can conduct the following experiment.
- Pour water into a glass. Then sprinkle with pepper or just seasoning dark color. If under normal conditions to dip a finger in water, then on it there will be traces of seasoning. How to make so that when lowering in water, the finger remained pure? Answer: pre-wet it in vegetable oil, then when immersed in water, the seasoning particles will spread away from it.
- Diffusion. But no, not so. Mixing. Lead an experience in mixing sand. Do you know that the sand on the beaches, sandboxes of small rivers differs in color? Stock up on pre-colored sand, you can use sugar. Begin to fill the layers of sand in a bottle. Get a very beautiful pattern. But children will be able to understand how the mixing takes place and that it is impossible to divide the mixture obtained.
- Another sand experience. Place a light plastic ball on the bottom of the can with a clue to the “journey”. How to get it without turning the jar and not touching the ball? Begin to fall asleep the sand, gradually shaking it. The sand will be hammered under the ball and lift it to the top. You can also pour inside the water, which pushes it up.
No, this is not a religion or politics. Children should be able to understand that everything goes on as usual - morning, afternoon, evening, night. The seasons should also be included in the final integrated lesson in the senior group. Spring and autumn, summer and winter. The child must understand that they come one after another in a certain order, and the corresponding changes take place with the world. This is necessary so that the child doesn’t freak out and draw conclusions like this: “You don’t buy me ice cream, because the autumn has come to a fool!”
Check if the children know how different animals are preparing for winter. Who hibernates, who stores products, and who changes the "coat"? How to endure the winter fish? What kind of human behavior is it like?
Autumn is a time to harvest. Are pupils able to distinguish berries? Currants, raspberries, blueberries. Are mushrooms known to be poisonous and simply dangerous?
Summer. Considering this time, you can check the children's knowledge of safety. On the street, lake or just in the forest. Do they understand that matches are not a toy?
Spring - flowering time. How many different colors have you learned over the past year? What are their names? Who pollinates them?
Remember: the final integrated lesson in the older group is held in order to summarize and consolidate everything studied during the past year, and not to teach children what they did not understand in the past tense. You can guide them in the "journey", but not to solve and explain to them how to cope with this or that problem. You have to show your parents that their children did not attend the kindergarten for nothing, that they learned a lot and became more or less independent.
Parents! If you are invited to such an activity, be sure to visit it. Take a day off at work. It is important for your child that you pay attention to him and monitor his progress. If he fails, if you notice that your child is worse than others in some area, do not scold him. Better try to figure out the cause of failure, help him overcome this step. After all, the lesson is held not to boast whose child is better, but to show how children have grown and matured.