Country toilet without a cesspool - how to build
A country toilet without a cesspool is able to become one of the most convenient options for anyone who prefers to spend their free time processing their own land.
For the construction of a country toilet without a cesspoolpit does not necessarily have to resort to specialist help. All the work, if you have a great desire, you can do it yourself. However, in order to build a country toilet without a sinkhole by hand, it is necessary to have at least some theoretical knowledge.
A good idea is to build a conventionalA wooden frame with a bio-toilet pile inside. In the presence of a biotoilet, there is no longer any need for additional expenses for the construction of a cesspool and the arrangement of a local sewage system.
The upper part of the biotoilet's design representsa water tank, a seat and a receiving cup. The base contains a collector for collection of sewage, the volume of which, depending on the model, can be from 12 to 24 liters. The accumulation system of biotoilets has special valves that facilitate the process of cleaning the waste container.
Like standard cottage buildings with a cesspoolpit, toilets presuppose the installation of comfortable seats or toilets. Place a similar system can be in a fairly tight space. Among other things, such a country toilet without a cesspool can easily be moved from place to place.
This type of toilet is of this typeaccumulation type system. Solid wastes and liquid impurities are processed into compost within a special reservoir under the influence of biological or biochemical factors. The main feature of septic tanks is the complete or partial processing of waste to the state of fertilizer, compost.
Advantages of toilets-septic tanks without a cesspool are the absence of an abundance of unpleasant odors, a special ease of maintenance, the possibility of using recycled waste in the form of fertilizers.
To get complete independence from services, for disinfecting the contents of storage tanks of the toilet-septic, it is recommended to use special preparations of biological or chemical properties.
How to make a toilet in the country - step by step instructions
There are a number of stages, the following of which will make it possible to build a reliable, durable and comfortable country toilet without the need to create a cesspool.
The construction of the toilet involves:
- selection of a suitable site;
- selection of materials;
- choice of design;
- installation of the main structure;
- installation of processing or storage systems;
- installation of additional means for ventilation and elimination of unpleasant odors.
Selection of a place for construction
There are a number of sanitary norms, from which, choosing a site for the construction of the toilet should be guided not only by personal convenience, but also by the interests of neighbors.
When choosing the optimal location for the construction of a cottage toilet, it is necessary to take into account:
- distance to water supply facilities (wells, wells), which should be at least 25 meters;
- requirements of hygiene, on the basis of which, a person should comfortably use the building for its intended purpose, without causing discomfort to others;
- boundaries - the toilet should be placed at least a few meters away from neighboring areas;
- a rose of winds that will relieve from distribution of unpleasant smells as the owner of a country site, and neighbors.
The most convenient option is to become a country cottage without a cesspool of the type "hut" or "birdhouse". Naturally, each type of construction has its advantages and disadvantages.
Construction of the building in the form of a "birdhouse"allows you to make the toilet as spacious as possible. However, such structures are subject to more significant influences from atmospheric phenomena. When constructing a toilet in the form of a "hut", moisture is more affected by the roof, and the walls remain dry.
If desired, you can build the most simplea country toilet without a cesspool of one of the above types, having located in the basement area a retractable container for collecting sewage. As such a container, you can use a metal tank, a box, a bucket or a wooden box filled with sand, sawdust, peat, etc..
How to build a toilet in the country without a hole? For this it is recommended to prepare the following materials:
- roofing material for roof protection from atmospheric precipitation;
- edged board or timber as the main material;
- sheets of plywood for wall sheathing, as well as making a toilet seat;
- the floorboard;
- nails, bolts, screws;
- Slate, galvanized sheet metal, ceramic or metal tiles;
- door unit with the required parameters.
The foundation for a toilet in the country
Planning the construction of a summer cottage, the ownerssites often do not pay enough attention to the creation of a reliable, durable foundation. And this is not surprising, because in most cases the toilets in the country house are simple wooden buildings. Such negligence often turns into a number of problems for summer residents.
For the construction of a cottage toilet you can use the following options for foundations:
- Tape foundation - at the bottom of a dug trenchcreates a sand cushion layer of at least 15 cm. The sandy surface is leveled and carefully compacted. It is equipped with formwork made of plywood, boards, galvanizing, metal, and other. The reinforcement is laid with a cross section of about 12 mm, after which it is bound with a strong wire. Finally, the reinforcement is filled with an even layer of concrete.
- The pillar foundation -As the basis of strong wooden or concrete pillars. If desired, the pillars can be strengthened or replaced with metal barrels, which are buried in the ground. The use of this option will strengthen the walls of the pit under the foundation and will not allow the angular columns to move.
As soon as the toilet in the cottage is formedwith their own hands, the construction of the pit under the foundation will be in the past, the foundation of the building will be laid, it is possible to proceed to the capital fixing of the rectangular frame.
Waterproofing of the building can be ensured by layingbetween the foundation and the frame sheets of roofing material. The materials used to assemble the structure, the frames of the future dacha toilets are covered with a primer and painted with paint. All this will make it possible to protect the structure from the premature development of decay processes.
We build a cottage toilet with our own hands. As a material for the assembly of the frame it is convenient to use the processed bar. Assembled according to the plan the construction is installed on the foundation. Further, to each corner element of the frame, with the help of bolts or large screws, vertical stands are fixed, on which the door structure and the paneling will be subsequently installed.
For the construction of the roof fixed beams, which should protrude a little along the entire perimeter of the structure. It is recommended to place the roof covering at an angle, which will ensure the removal of precipitation.
Mounted wooden flooring, thena seat in the form of a catwalk is constructed, which can be assembled from wooden blocks covered with plywood. The construction under the seat is attached to the base and frame structure.
The roof covering is laid on fixed onthe framework of the crossbeams. An interlayer of roofing felt is created. Further, the inner and outer lining of the toilet is performed using lining, corrugated board, plywood, siding, ordinary boards, any other materials. To secure the cladding on the frame, special cross-pieces are fixed, cut from a thick board or timber.
As for the lighting of the cottage toilet, hereyou can limit the installation of a regular flashlight on batteries or take care of the full power supply of the structure by pulling the wiring from the nearest power source.
How to make a toilet in the country? The cesspool needs good ventilation. However, even with the construction of a septic tank or a biotoilet, an effective ventilation system is welcomed.
For arrangement of the most simple ventilationA plastic pipe with a diameter of the order of 10 cm is required, which is fixed with clamps on the rear wall of the structure. The upper end of the pipe is attached to the roof of the building. In order to form a draft in the pipe, a simple nozzle-deflector is installed at its outer end.
As can be seen, there is nothing difficult in the constructionsimple country cottage without a cesspool. Based on the above recommendations, if you want, you can build your own version of the dacha toilet, combining several ideas into a single whole.