Corner fireplace with your hands: step-by-step instruction (photo)
If you own a private house, then as aAn optimal variant of its heating will be a corner fireplace. With your own hands (step-by-step instructions in this will help) it can be done quite simply. However, it is important at the same time to protect the walls well from the effects of high temperature. After all, it can ruin the finish and pose a danger.
If you decide to build a corner fireplace with yourhands, poryadovka you this will help. It will simplify the process of erection, and will also help to avoid mistakes. For today, there are many models of corner fireplaces that are built of bricks. Summarizing the advantages of such a fireplace, we can distinguish the following advantages:
- saving material;
- compactness of the device;
- the possibility of independent construction;
- aesthetics and functionality of the design.
The main advantages
If it is a matter of saving materials, then inconfirmation of this fact can be noted that the brick will be spent much less than when building a stove or other types of fireplace that can be walled or insular. To make a corner fireplace with your own hands, a step-by-step instruction on the creation of which will be presented in the article, it is possible not only in a large cottage, but also in a small country house.
Cope with the work will be able to evenAn inexperienced master, because it is difficult to make a mistake in the scheme of the order. However, if the external styling can not be done neatly, then it can be decorated with a ready-made portal or tile.
Advice from a specialist
If you used to lay a brick, then you canbe built a corner fireplace with their own hands (an order, photos provided in the article, this will help). But you need to create another project. And you need to do this at the stage of arranging the foundation of the house. This will simplify the work on creating a framework that should become part of a common foundation. If the house is already built, then in that case one of its rooms can be supplemented with a corner fireplace. However, it will be necessary to carry out preparatory work.
According to the technology presented below,corner fireplace "Annushka" with their own hands. Step-by-step instruction recommends first to determine the specific place where it will be installed. Then you need to create a drawing that will allow you to visually evaluate the result. In the lower part of this design, you can create a niche for firewood or a ash pan. On the sides of the portal, in some cases, there are pedestals, which are laid out of bricks. They can later be installed flowerpots.
The niche can have a different shape, up totrapezoidal. You can make it in the form of a semicircular arch. Sometimes the fireplace is supplemented with a metal built-in firebox with a door. In this case, the door can be made with glass, which is not afraid of fire. This element will facilitate the construction, because the furnace can be bricked outside.
Preparation of materials
Corner fireplace with your hands, step by step instructionfor the implementation of which you should be studied in detail, begins to be performed only after the preparation of materials and tools. For the construction of the foundation you will need:
- rubble of the middle fraction;
- boards for formwork;
- metal grid.
But the walls and chimney are made of solidbrick. In the role of waterproofing can act ruberoid or polyethylene film. In addition, you need to prepare the river sand, which will go to make a solution. It will also be needed to fill the pit. With the help of this material, it is necessary to equip the first layer, which will perform the function of an insulating cushion.
For formwork, you should prepare boards thatcan be dismantled after the solution has dried out or remain in the system. If you prefer a temporary option, when installing the formwork the gaps between the foundation and the ground will need to be covered with a mixture of gravel and sand.
As elements, you can useMetal sheets, which are rather easily extracted after the concrete has hardened. A corner fireplace with their own hands, a step-by-step instruction on the creation of which should be studied by every master planning to do similar works, must be strengthened with a metal mesh or steel rod. Its diameter can be in the range from 8 to 10 mm. If you purchased the reinforcement, then for fixing you will need a wire, with which the rods will be connected among themselves in the mesh design.
Recommendations for brick selection
By the way, if to the present device of heating indwelling is not the place, it does not hurt to create you its decorative option. To do this, a variety of materials are suitable. A help to build a corner fireplace with their own hands step by step instruction, a photo (from cardboard boxes, by the way, it can also be done), proposed in the article.
For the current version, the chimney and walls will beto be made of solid brick - you will need fireclay and red baked brick. The latter will be used for the main masonry, while the first one will be used for those areas, which will be affected by the flame.
Use it is necessary for laying those areas wherewill be affected by high temperatures. This includes the beginning of the chimney and the furnace. The brick should be calculated per piece, its number will depend on the chosen model of the structure. For a corner fireplace, you may need from 360 to 600 bricks, the final number will depend on the dimensions of the structure. To the received quantity it is necessary to add 15% which will leave on poor-quality copies, fight and other unforeseen circumstances.
Advice of a specialist
If you decide to build a corner fireplace with your ownhands, step-by-step photo-instruction will allow you to understand the technology of work. From it you can find out that you will also need to prepare a solution that is made of clay, cement and sand. In this case it is necessary to be guided by the proportions 1: 1: 3. You can use a clay mixture to which sand is added. In specialized departments of building materials you can purchase dry compounds, which are used for masonry of heating devices by type of fireplaces and stoves.
Fireclay bricks must be laid on wella mixed and wiped solution, which is prepared from clay and a small amount of sand. It is important to add more and cement, which will be required to accelerate the setting of the mixture. You will need metal square corners with a side of 50 or 60 mm. Their length will depend on the width of the furnace. Add 300 mm to it and multiply by 2. Corners are required to cover the opening of the wood-burning stove and the firebox. It is important to calculate the number of corners for the lower niche as well, and follow the above procedure.
If the furnace has the appearance of an arch, then it is necessaryprepare the plywood for the template. For the supports you need wooden bars. In the store you should buy a metal latch, if you do not find such an element, then the products can be ordered from a professional fitter-welder.
Quite often home-based craftsmen todaymake a corner fireplace with their own hands. Step-by-step instruction with a photo in this case helps to find out that sometimes a cast-iron furnace is installed in ready-made form. Work in this case, as a rule, simplified, but the costs will increase.
For insulation of walls you should buy sheetsheat-resistant material, which may be asbestos. For finishing the fireplace it is recommended to use a facing tile, which simulates ceramic tile, stone or decorative plaster. Sometimes you choose a facing tile, which shows a ready-made portal made of natural stone.
Preparation of tools
Without special tools making a fireplace will be impossible, so you should be concerned about the availability:
- building level;
- rubber hammer;
- plumb bob;
When selecting a spatula, you must selecttool of medium size. Some masters use a spatula instead of a trowel. In addition, if the fireplace you do not plan to make out after the completion of work, you should prepare the firmware.
Simple corner fireplace (with your own hands), step by stepthe instruction for the erection of which is presented in the article and should help you, must have a foundation. The base should be made larger than the fireplace itself by 90 mm. Before the foundation, it is necessary to dig a foundation pit, the depth of which is 600 mm. The bottom of the pit is compacted, sand is poured onto it (the thickness of the layer is 110 mm), after which it should be watered and compacted again.
Above crushed stone, which is also goodTamped. Its thickness should be the same as in the case of sand. The reinforcement net is laid on the rubble. Asbestos strips should be installed along the walls, which will protect the surface from overheating. On the outside of the foundation you need to install the formwork.
If the shape of the base is round, then metal sheets with a thickness of 2 mm can be used for formwork. Outside, the sheet should be supported with bricks.
After you can go on to make a solution -for the first layer of concrete is made rough, and it will consist of gravel, sand, and cement. As soon as the first layer seizes, you can fill the remaining space, which is filled with a mixture of sand and cement. The surface of the plate is leveled and left to set. Once the concrete is ready, its surface should be covered with two layers of roofing material.
Preparation for laying
So, laying a corner fireplace with your own hands,the step-by-step instruction of which is presented in our article, continues. After a month after the foundation is poured, you can start working with a brick. For this, the products are pre-soaked for 2 days.
First, the fireplace is laid out dry, at the same timea solution is not needed. The fireplace will assume the presence of a grate for the furnace, which has a square shape with a side of 250 mm. It is necessary to prepare also 5-mm metal strips, the width of which is 40 mm, they will be needed to create a ceiling above the niches. We pass to the laying:
- On the reinforced foundation, place the first row of masonry.
- On the fourth row, it is necessary to lay the base of the furnace, so the central part of the row should be laid out with fireclay bricks.
- The next row will be designed taking into account the installation of an ash-blast hole or an ash pit.
- For those products that will frame the camera,It is necessary to lay the pieces of metal strips, which are securely fixed. This is necessary for the reason that in the next row the grate will be laid on them.
- The sixth row is made of fireclay bricks, and a grate should be laid.
- The seventh row should begin with the design of the portal.
- From the 8th to the 12th row, you should display the walls of the portal, adjusting the bricks to each other.
- On the thirtieth row, metalbands that will block the furnace. It is better to use corners with the following dimensions: 600 x 50 x 5 mm. From the 14th to the 15th row, a "mirror" is laid, which will hold heat and prevent its exit into the pipe.
Decorative corner fireplace with your hands: step by step instruction
Photos from the plasterboard of the constructed fireplaces prove that they can become worthy decorations of any premises. Let's make them together:
- After marking on the floor and walls, you can start creating a metal frame.
- Using a screwdriver and screws, a profile is installed on the floor surface, while the distance between the fasteners is 25 cm.
- To make a corner fireplace with your own hands (the step-by-step instruction is suggested in the article), it is installed on the base wall, where the wall profiles should be screwed.
- After the elements should be removed and in the holes to install the dowels.
- Once the draft of the fireplace is ready, you canto begin facing. For this, an artificial stone, plaster molding, wallpaper, painting and other decoration is used. If you decide to resort to coloring, then gypsum board is primed first.
For such a product you will need to prepare sheetsgypsum board, which are cut to the required dimensions. Use for this you can hacksaw or sharp knife. In gypsum cardboard, self-tapping screws are driven in 0.5 cm. The joints and small holes obtained are sealed, using putty and reinforcing paper tape.
You have to spend only on materials,if you make a corner fireplace with your own hands. Step-by-step instruction, photo (from gypsum cardboard, as you can see, you can also make such products) will help even a beginner master.