Burkino Faso - the birthplace of honest people
"Homeland of honest people" - so the name is translateda small African state. Until 1984, the country was called Upper Volta. It has a common border with six countries, the largest of which are Niger and Mali. The capital of the country is the city of Ouagadougou.
The low Mosaic plateau occupies the main partThe highest point is Mount Tena Kourou with a height of 749 meters. Burkino Faso has no outlet to the ocean, it belongs to the inland countries. On its territory there are two large rivers - the Black and the White Volta. In the dry period, they dry up to such an extent that they cease to be navigable.
Almost the entire territory of Burkino Fasois occupied by an African savanna. Only the northern region of the country (Sahel) is in the semi-desert zone. There are few forests here, they occupy only 10 percent of the country's area. Nearly all the Moshi Plateaus occupy pastures. In the subequatorial climate of the country there are clearly pronounced dry and wet seasons. In the northern part, the duration of the dry season goes up to 10 months.
A bit of history
In the territory of modern Burkino Faso in the pastthere were several states known since the XIV century. One of them, called Yatenga, existed almost three centuries ago. Until the 16th century it managed to conquer the territories of neighboring countries and become the most powerful state in West Africa.
In the XIX century the territory of the country was colonizedFrench and renamed the Upper Volta. During the protectorate of France, a civilization came here, the first railway was built in 1934. After the revolution of 1984, not only power was changed in the country, but also the name.
The modern fifteen million populationBurkino Faso consists of two large ethnic groups. Despite the fact that French is considered a state language, almost all the inhabitants of the country speak the local language. The country is considered Islamic, but, nevertheless, the majority of the population adheres to their ancient religions. The country belongs to the agrarian, the townspeople make up only 20 percent. A lot of people are migrating to neighboring countries in search of work.
The cultural capital of West Africa
The capital of Burkina Faso, the city of Ouagadougou,It was called Vagadogo and was founded in the 15th century. The modern name was given to him in 1919, when the country was already ruled by the colonial administration. After recognition of independence in 1960, Ouagadougou became the capital of the country. From a small one-story city in which clay huts dominated, thanks to the reconstruction carried out at the end of the 20th century, it turned into a modern city.
Few could guess that in one of the mostthe poorest countries in Africa, such as Burkina Faso, the capital can become more known to the world than the state itself. To date, the city of Ouagadougou has become famous as the cultural capital of West Africa. In this city, almost every month there is an international cultural event - film festivals, various folk festivals, noisy fairs. In the city there is a National Museum with unique exhibits telling about the history of African peoples.