A soft sign at the end of adverbs after hissing: rule, examples
"Why are you sad, princess?" Why is the look sad?
And the antics of buffoons do not make you happy?
"Ah, the Tsarevich had a dream for me, he was so handsome,
Something happened to me: I really do not want to marry.
Such a conversation could occur in a magicalTridevyatom kingdom, but for us this dialogue is interesting primarily because it contains examples in which the soft sign on the end of adverbs after sizzling is absent.
Orthogram is studied in the 4th grade
A very complex orthogram associated with sizzlingend and b, is subject to study in the initial classes. Children go through this topic throughout the entire schooling in primary school: first during the study of the verb, then on the noun and the adjective. And adverbs are studied in the last year of primary education.
Therefore, it learns the orthography spelling"Soft sign on the end of adverbs after hissing" class 4. GEF provides an introduction to the writing of the most common words in which this spelling is present, such exceptions include:
Formation of the skill of distinguishing parts of speech
It is very important to form the ability to distinguish between childrenwords of different parts of speech, since their spelling is dependent on this. Without this skill, students will not be able to correctly select the desired orthogram, including the soft sign at the end of the adverbs after the sibilants.
Words will most conveniently be divided into groupsby parts of speech, this will help the table, in which, in addition to part of the speech and questions, it is necessary to specify the conditions for choosing the use or non-use of the soft sign.
answers the questions:
answers questions: what?
answers questions: what to do?
what are you doing?
what to do?
What will you do?
answers the questions: how?
3 scl. - is written
not 3 scl. - not spelled
written (sued: married, already, unbearable)
A soft sign at the end of adverbs after sizzling
The rule of writing a soft sign in this case is formulated quite simply. As examples of adverbs, let us quote the words ending in sibilant and answering the question: how?
- Runs (how?) Jump.
- Has it been opened (how?).
- Has fallen (how?) Backwards.
- Covered (how?) Entirely.
- It became (how?) Unthinkable.
As you can see from these examples, the soft sign on the end of the adverbs after the sibilants is written, this rule does not apply only to the words:married, unbearable, really.
It is very important that children understand the meaning of adverbs, otherwise they simply will not remember them. Hence, it is necessary to conduct vocabulary work. For this it is possible to use synonyms:
- she marries - he marries;
- jump - fast, jumpy;
- backwards to the back;
- backhand - with a swing;
- wide open - flung open to failure;
- unbearable, unbearable - it's impossible to endure, I really want to;
- away - out;
- entirely - tightly, very thickly, all in a row;
- already now, at the moment.
For fixing it is recommended to compose phrases with learned words during the performance of tasks:
1. Match the words that can be related in meaning:
2. Compose with these words proposals for school life on one of the topics:
- We are at the lesson.
- We are at a change.
- We are going on an excursion.
Dictation for fastening
When spelling is learned, and the interpretation of wordsClearly, it is possible to carry out a control dictation in order to diagnose the formation of the spelling skill of the orthogram "soft sign at the end of adverbs after sizzling" and fixing the studied material.
When my mother was getting married, her younger sister wasunable to see the eldest in a snow-white outfit. It was already the wedding day, and the little sister ran galloping to the bride's room. She opened the door wide, and there was a dad standing there. He was at the wedding of the groom, and he came earlier. He really wanted to marry his mother, and for a long time to wait for him was unbearable. He stood outside the door, and when it opened, Dad fell backwards and dropped the vase. The whole floor was completely filled with water. But my mother did not get angry, because she had a happy day!
To apply the rule "soft sign at the end of adverbs after sizzling", the 4th grade must possess a whole complex of knowledge and skills. For the purpose of identifying them, it is advisable to conduct testing.
The first task is to know the parts of speech and the ability to distinguish words according to this feature. It is necessary to determine which of the words is an adverb:
- to cherish;
- wide open;
The second task checks the ability to put a soft sign on the end of the adverbs after the hissing. Examples of words:
1) wide (?); 2) the rest (?); 3) unbearable (?); 4) it is not possible (?).
The third task is to insert words into sentences. This contributes to the development of children's speech and helps to form the skill of using adverbs in their own language activities:
- I grab my hat and run ________ from the stuffy rooms.
- The walls were __________ twisted with ivy.
- The windows in the house were open.
- The rider raced along the road.
- Hurry _________ the lesson ended.
- I run and jump _____________.
- I hit the opponent _____________ and won the fight.
- His sister was going to _____________ for my brother.
- Under the pressure of the wave I fell down ______________.
- Not enough ________ a few minutes to become the winner in the race.
The fourth task will help to generalize the ability to correctly put a soft sign on the end of words. It is necessary to insert, where necessary, a soft sign in the sentences:
- The moon between the clouds (?) Slowly looked out for a moment, and again disappeared pro (?).
- The ray (?) Is golden stretches in the spring, falls on the meadow, animates everything around.
- The sand of the Sahara is burning (?), It is merciless and combustible (?).
- With a whistle past our roofs (?), Like lightning, the swift (?) Was swept.
- Naotmash (?) Hit the sea with a wave my poor boat.
- Reeds (?) At the bank grows, baby (?) It for mom is tearing.
- Oak grew tall and mighty (?), Under it today there are many puddles (?).
- The father will ask the daughter (?) Pomoch (?), She herself is unwell (?).
- With dawn away (?) Goes the night (?).
- Pencil (?) My good (?), He will draw me a drawing (?).
Answers to the tasks of the test "Soft sign on the end of adverbs after sizzling"
The answer to the first task:
The answer to the second task:
1) wide open; 2) away; 3) unbearable; 4) it is not possible.
The answer to the third task:
- I grab my hat and run away from the stuffy rooms.
- The walls were entirely covered with ivy.
- The windows in the house were wide open.
- The rider began to gallop along the road.
- Hurry, the lesson would be over.
- I run and jump unbearably.
- I hit the enemy backhand and won the fight.
- His sister was going to marry my brother.
- Under the pressure of the wave, I fell backwards.
- Not enough just a few minutes to become a winner in the race.
The answer to the fourth task:
- The moon between the clouds glanced timidly for a moment, and again disappeared away.
- The golden ray stretches in the spring, falls on the meadow, animates everything around.
- The sand of the Sahara is burning, it is ruthless and combustible.
- With a whistle past our roofs, like lightning, a swift swept through.
- The sword struck the sea with a wave, my poor ship.
- The cane at the bank grows, his baby for the mother is tearing.
- Oak has grown tall and mighty, under it there are many puddles today.
- Father will ask his daughter to help, she can not handle herself.
- With dawn away the night goes away.
- My pencil is good, he will draw me a drawing.